China, one of the world’s biggest users of plastic, has unveiled a major plan to reduce single-use plastics across the country.
Non-degradable bags will be banned in major cities by the end of 2020 and in all cities and towns by 2022.
The restaurant industry will also be banned from using single-use straws by the end of 2020.
China has for years been struggling to deal with the rubbish its 1.4 billion citizens generate.
The country’s largest rubbish dump – the size of around 100 football fields – is already full, 25 years ahead of schedule.
In 2017 alone, China collected 215 million tonnes of urban household waste. But national figures for recycling are not available.
China produced 60 million tonnes of plastic waste in 2010, followed by the US at 38 million tonnes, according to online publication Our World in Data based at the University of Oxford.
The research was published in 2018 and said the “relative global picture is similar in projections up to 2025”.
What has changed?
The National Development and Reform Commission on Sunday issued the new policy, which will be implemented over the next five years.
Plastic bags will be banned across all cities and towns in 2022, though markets selling fresh produce will be exempt until 2025.
The production and sale of plastic bags that are less than 0.025mm thick will also be banned.
The restaurant industry must reduce the use of single-use plastic items by 30%.
Hotels have been told that they must not offer free single-use plastic items by 2025.